The world's mountains home to spectacular landscapes, a wide variety of ecosystems, a great bio-diversity, and different human communities. We have a special day for this large natural elevation of the earth's surface, which befalls on every 11th December. The traces of "Mountain day" in the history are telling us the day actually was declared in 1877 when the students of Mount Holyoke College, a liberal arts college for women, South Hadly, Massachusetts, US, headed off to Mount Holyoke.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 11 December as "International Mountains Day (IMD)" in 2003. The Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO), an agency of the UN and a Mountain Partnership member, has been leading the celebrations worldwide. Celebrations are held every year with a different theme to create and raise awareness about the role of mountains to the life on the earth in terms of water and food supply, encourage sustainable development in mountains, focus on the possibilities and barriers in mountain, development, and to gather support from the various entities to bring a positive change to the world's mountains and highlands.
Mountains cover 22% of the earth's land surface, yet they are under threat from climate change & more.— United Nations (@UN) December 11, 2018
Tell the world that #MountainsMatter & take action on Tuesday's Int'l Mountain Day: https://t.co/TJB3XFQ3c1 pic.twitter.com/repYSJ03Fa
IMD Theme for 2018
The theme for 2018 is”#MountainsMatter” which tells us mountains are matter for water, disaster risk reduction, tourism, food and biodiversity.
IMD Symbols or Logo
The symbol for the International Year of Mountains (2002) is the symbol of the IMD now. It comprises the following.
Three equilateral triangles oriented horizontally with two points and one point directed upwards upon a black stripe containing the words "11 December".
The two shades of colour blue of the words "International Mountain Day" represent the UN's use.
The black triangles mean mountains.
The blue diamond shape at the top in the leftmost triangle represents ice or snow at the top of mountains.
The orange circle in the middle triangle represents resources that are mined from inside mountains.
The small green triangle at the lower right-hand point of the rightmost triangle represents the crops that grow on mountains.
IMD Interesting facts
Mountains occupy around 27% of the earth's land surface.
Mountains are directly providing sustenance to 720 million people and indirectly benefit billions at their feet.
The Mount Everest with 8,848m is the highest mountain on earth. Around 100 mountains with the heights of over 7,200m are located in central and southern Asia.
Half of the mountain dwellers live in the Andes, Central Asia, and Africa.
Around 80% of the mountain dwellers are below the poverty line. They frequently face political, social and economic marginalization and lack of health services and education.
Melting snow from mountains forms rivers. Mountains are the birthplace of most of the rivers in the world. So they act as water towers and providing fresh water to more than half of the world's populace.
Hobbies like hiking, mountaineering (Attempt to reach the highest point of mountains), climbing mountains and sports like skiing are related to mountains.
All activities on IMD are mostly to increase awareness and knowledge of the role of mountains and mountainous regions in humans lives. We are listing you a few activities here to be a part of IMD.
Hiking, mountain bike racing, wall climbing, attending book fairs, participating in symposia, themed lectures to students, workshops, press events, photo exhibitions, food exhibitions, technology shows and documentary shows.
In South Asia, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre, is behind the activities in the countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal.
Get information material from the following FAO's link http://www.fao.org/international-mountain-day/en/
We are requesting to post us your experiences which may draw an emphasis on IMD more deeply.
(Images Courtesy: FB)