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World Thyroid Day: A Few Interesting Thyroid Gland Facts

Written by : LifeStyle Team

The thyroid diseases such as hyperthyroidism (abnormally increased thyroid activity), hypothyroidism (abnormally decreased thyroid activity), thyroiditis (inflammation of the gland) and thyroid cancer have been invading people's health worldwide. The reasons for thyroid diseases comprise iodine deficiency, vitamin D deficiency, food additives, preservatives, heavy pollution, radiation exposure etc. So, all these reasons make us clear that a call for action must be made to ban on as many harmful substances as possible in near future.

So, with the aim to greatly promote public awareness of thyroid diseases in terms of timely diagnosis, treatment and prevention, the World Thyroid Day (WTD) was heralded in 2008 during the congress of the European Thyroid Association (ETA). So, the ETA in collaboration with international sister thyroid societies - the American Thyroid Association (ATA), the Asia and Oceania Thyroid Association and the Latin American Thyroid Society are coming up once again to observe WTD on this May 25.

On this WTD, EeYuva has come here to let you know a few interesting thyroid gland facts for its readers. 

  • The thyroid gland is 2 inches (5 cms) wide and weighs between 20 and 60 grams.

  • The thyroid is under the control a peanut-shaped gland in the brain – pituitary gland.

  • The gland thyroid is a part of the endocrine system, which is essentially a collection of glands. These Glands generally produce hormones that regulate mood and various functions in the body.

  • The health of thyroid gland is very important as it produces hormones to manage the critical human body functions and regulates metabolism. Thyroid gland secrets the hormones calcitonin, T4 (thyroxine or tetraiodothyronine) and T3 (triiodothyronine) in to the blood stream to control every cell in the human body. In this way, thyroid gland acts as the body's master metabolic control centre.

  • This butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck and one of the largest glands in human body plays an important role in the development of a tiny baby's brain in the very first weeks of pregnancy. Other vital body functions covered by thyroid gland are heart rate, skin maintenance, growth, temperature regulation, fertility and digestion.

  • Women are more likely to get thyroid issues than men.

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