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8 Obesity And Overweight Facts You Should Know

Written by : LifeStyle Team

To reverse the global obesity crisis and encourage people to have healthy weight always, the World Obesity Day was launched by a non-profit body World Obesity Federation in 2015. With the theme 'End Weight Stigma', October 11 is calling on all media outlets to end their use of stigmatising language and imagery and instead portray in a fair, accurate and informative manner.

Obesity and overweight facts:

  1. Obesity and overweight mean abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in our body. A person's level of fat or obesity level is determined by the value of Body Mass Index (BMI) or Quetelet Index - the ratio of your weight (kg) to the square of your height (m2).

    A person who has a BMI value equals to or greater than 25 is treated as overweight and a BMI equals to or more than 30 is treated as obese.

  2. The WHO says obesity and overweight claim around 2.8 million lives each year - more deaths worldwide than underweight. Between 1975 and 2016, the prevalence of obesity nearly tripled. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and more than half a billion were obese. In 2016, there were 41 million preschool children were overweight.

  3. According to the study 'Childhood obesity and cardiovascular disease' published on the journal UN National Center for Biotechnology Information, compared to normal children, obese children are more susceptible to develop diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a very younger age and there are higher chances of premature death and disability.

  4. The study The Epidemiology of Obesity: A Big Picture says that an estimated 38% of the world's adult population will be overweight and another 20% will be obese by 2030.

  5. Obesity doesn't happen overnight. It develops overtime as a result of consistent energy imbalance - taking in more calories than you use or energy in does not equal your energy out. Indulging in less physical activity may also result in energy imbalance and cause the body to store excess fat. At least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of regular, moderate-intensity exercises or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) of vigorous-intensity exercises each week could be great for muscle strength, improved mobility and weight control.

  6. Here's is why obesity puts you at risk of asthma. A study says that obesity can alter airway muscle function in people with a high body mass index, thereby increasing your risk of developing asthma.

  7. There is no miracle diet, food, nutrient or bioactive component that will target abdominal fat. A study gives you an idea - if you want to get rid of that belly fact then follow a heart-healthy diet i.e., high in fibre and low in saturated fats.

  8. Weight loss can reverse heart disease in obese people. Researchers found that patients with atrial fibrillation can reverse the effects of the conditions by losing weight. A 10 percent loss in weight, along with management of associated risk factors, can reverse the progression of the disease.

Preventing obesity means maintaining a healthy weight. Habituating to eat healthy diet keeps unwanted fat away from accumulating in our body. A healthy diet should include fruits, vegetables, pulses, whole grains and nuts. Limit the intake of free sugars and salt.

(Images Courtesy: Shutterstock)