According to the latest Bill produced in the US Congress, and going by the claims of the Republicans, it is alleged that the H-1B visa programmes are being misused by some of the Indian firms in the US that are getting foreign (mostly Indian) skilled employees on board at lesser pay cheques.
The H-1B Visa Reform Bill has in it that the minimum wage limit for an H-1B holder should be increased to USD 1,00,000 from the current USD 60,000, making it almost on par with the wages of the domestic employees. The second major change that the Bill proposes is that the existing 'Master's degree exemption' needs to be eliminated. That means the aspirants have to possess a Master's degree in the relevant field.
In this context, let us look at some of its effects if the Bill becomes Law.
Going To Shatter The Dreams Of Foreign Nationals/ Indians?
Certainly yes! As the US President-elect, Donald Trump too is in favour of cracking down on the immigrants with insufficient skills occupying the supposed positions of the locals, and also keen on retaining American jobs for the local talents, the Bill, for sure is a blow to many aspirants.
American Jobs For Americans!
Though some firms in the US are claiming that they are opting for outsourcing due to lack of high-skilled labour in filling the tech jobs, the agenda of the legislation is to fill those high-tech jobs with the local workforce citing the US has similarly skilled employees to fit those jobs.
American Firms Opting Out Of Outsourcing
Since the Bill proposes to increase the minimum yearly wages to 1 lakh USD to H-1B holders, there will be no scope of profit making with the incentives. And so, most of the Indian firms in the US are considering to recruit domestic candidates.
Plunging Growth In Master's Aspirants?
Of 85,000 persons getting through the visa programme yearly, almost 76% are just graduates without any high-tech degrees or skills. As the new Bill eliminates the exemption of Master's, candidates have to either invest time in getting Master's or have to withdraw the plans of flying abroad on H-1B making them jobless.
Albeit there has not been any cut down in the number of visas granting, the latest Bill introduced in the American Congress is taking away the hopes of Dollar making and giving jitters to many aspirants besides the IT firms.
A silver line in this dark cloud is that according to a statement released by the US Labour Department in December 2015, in the coming 6 years the country sees a shortfall of IT professionals that comprise about 4.5 lakh. So, going by this, there is no need to worry as the US needs to fill in the high-tech positions with highly-skilled employees from countries like India, which in turn could only be achieved through H-1B visa.